Human Rights Activism and Public Policy


Human Rights & Human Welfare

Human Rights & Human Welfare runs review essays and book notes, as well as hosting roundtable discussions to which Professor Ackerly contributes.  See her contributions below:

  • “A Rights Based Approach to Global Justice”: “There has already been a military response to the Ivory Coast. Should we wait to reflect on global injustice until we see the graphic images of genocide and tragedy elsewhere, or can we use a rights-based lens to care about global injustice as part of our everyday lives?”
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  • “The Hearts of Minds and Citizens”: “If the US contributes increased military support to Guatemala under the premise of curtailing the drug trade, it could inadvertently further destabilize this already politically unstable country … Concerns about destabilization in Guatemala (and Central America more generally) and the role of this destabilization in facilitating the drug trade have led the Economist to suggest that the solution is to increase military foreign aid to Guatemala.”
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  • Summer Research by Tristan Call, an Anthropology graduate student and member of the Transdiciplinary Initiative on Environmental Systems (TIES) course provides an update on the Guatemala situation referenced in “The Hearts of Minds and Citizens” post above.
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  • “The Right Side of the Coin: Focus on the Human Rights of the People, Not the Failure of States”: “If people do not have political power—that is, if their governments are not accountable to their people—then the focus of US foreign policy on “failed states” is misplaced. Rather, we have a national security interest in a foreign policy that is focused on enabling populations to assert their human rights and hold their governments accountable.”


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Internship Opportunities

      • At Idealist some activist organizations post their internship opportunities.



CHARTER OF THE UNITED NATIONSDownload as PDF

THE INTERNATIONAL BILL OF HUMAN RIGHTS

THE CORE INTERNATIONAL HUMAN RIGHTS INSTRUMENTS and their monitoring bodiesThere are nine core international human rights treaties. Each of these treaties has established a committee of experts to monitor implementation of the treaty provisions by its States parties. Some of the treaties are supplemented by optional protocols dealing with specific concerns.
Date Monitoring Body
ICERD International Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Racial Discrimination 21 Dec 1965 CERD
ICCPR International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights 16 Dec 1966 CCPR
ICESCR International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights 16 Dec 1966 CESCR
CEDAW Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women 18 Dec 1979 CEDAW
CAT Convention against Torture and Other Cruel, Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment 10 Dec 1984 CAT
CRC Convention on the Rights of the Child 20 Nov 1989 CRC
ICRMW International Convention on the Protection of the Rights of All Migrant Workers and Members of Their Families 18 Dec 1990 CMW
CPED International Convention for the Protection of All Persons from Enforced Disappearance 20 Dec 2006 CED
CRPD Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities 13 Dec 2006 CRPD
ICESCR – OP Optional Protocol of the Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights 10 Dec 2008 CESCR
ICCPR-OP1 Optional Protocol to the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights 16 Dec 1966 HRC
ICCPR-OP2 Second Optional Protocol to the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights, aiming at the abolition of the death penalty 15 Dec 1989 HRC
OP-CEDAW Optional Protocol to the Convention on the Elimination of Discrimination against Women 10 Dec 1999 CEDAW
OP-CRC-AC Optional protocol to the Convention on the Rights of the Child on the involvement of children in armed conflict 25 May 2000 CRC
OP-CRC-SC Optional protocol to the Convention on the Rights of the Child on the sale of children, child prostitution and child pornography 25 May 2000 CRC
OP-CAT Optional Protocol to the Convention against Torture and Other Cruel, Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment 18 Dec 2002 CAT
OP-CRPD Optional Protocol to the Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities 12 Dec 2006 CRPD

UNIVERSAL HUMAN RIGHTS INSTRUMENTS

In addition to the International Bill of Rights and the core human rights treaties, there are many other universal instruments relating to human rights. A non-exhaustive selection is listed below. The legal status of these instruments varies: declarations, principles, guidelines, standard rules and recommendations have no binding legal effect, but such instruments have an undeniable moral force and provide practical guidance to States in their conduct; covenants, statutes, protocols and conventions are legally-binding for those States that ratify or accede to them. Information on the status of ratification of selected instruments is available here. Printer-friendly versions of these instruments may be downloaded from the CD-ROM Compilation of Universal Instruments accessible online here.

WORLD CONFERENCE ON HUMAN RIGHTS AND MILLENNIUM ASSEMBLY

THE RIGHT OF SELF-DETERMINATION

RIGHTS OF INDIGENOUS PEOPLES AND MINORITIES

PREVENTION OF DISCRIMINATION

RIGHTS OF WOMEN

RIGHTS OF THE CHILD

RIGHTS OF OLDER PERSONS

RIGHTS OF PERSONS WITH DISABILITIES

HUMAN RIGHTS IN THE ADMINISTRATION OF JUSTICE: PROTECTION OF PERSONS SUBJECTED TO DETENTION OR IMPRISONMENT

SOCIAL WELFARE, PROGRESS AND DEVELOPMENT

PROMOTION AND PROTECTION OF HUMAN RIGHTS

MARRIAGE

RIGHT TO HEALTH

RIGHT TO WORK AND TO FAIR CONDITIONS OF EMPLOYMENT

FREEDOM OF ASSOCIATION

SLAVERY, SLAVERY-LIKE PRACTICES AND FORCED LABOUR

RIGHTS OF MIGRANTS

NATIONALITY, STATELESSNESS, ASYLUM AND REFUGEES

WAR CRIMES AND CRIMES AGAINST HUMANITY, INCLUDING GENOCIDE

HUMANITARIAN LAW

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Comparative Political Theory